信息自由法

Virginia 信息自由法 – Rights and Responsibilities

The Rights of Requesters and the Responsibilities of 博彩平台网址大全 (WCC) under the Virginia 信息自由法

弗吉尼亚信息自由法案(FOIA),位于§2.2-3700 et. seq. 弗吉尼亚法典, guarantees citizens of the Commonwealth and representatives of the media access to public records held by public bodies, public officials, and public employees.

A public record is any writing or recording — regardless of whether it is a paper record, an electronic file, 录音:录音或录像, 或任何其他格式-准备或拥有的, 或由公共机构或其官员拥有的, 从事公共事务的雇员或代理人. 所有的公共记录都应该是公开的, 只有在特定情况下才可以保留, 法定豁免适用.

The policy of FOIA states that the purpose of FOIA is to promote an increased awareness by all persons of governmental activities. 推进这一政策, 《大陆博彩平台》要求自由地解释法律, in favor of access, and that any exemption allowing public records to be withheld must be interpreted narrowly.

Your FOIA Rights

  • You have the right to inspect or receive copies of public records, or both.
  • You have the right to request that any charges for the requested records be estimated in advance.  Public bodies must notify the requester in writing that the public body may make reasonable charges not to exceed its actual cost incurred in accessing, duplicating, supplying, or searching for requested records and inquire of the requester whether he would like to request a cost estimate in advance of the supplying of the requested records.
  • 如果你认为你的《大陆博彩平台》权利被侵犯了, you may file a petition in district or circuit court to compel compliance with FOIA. Alternatively, you may contact the FOIA Council for a nonbinding advisory opinion.

向博彩平台网址大全申请记录

  • 你可以索取美国的记录.S. 邮件,传真,电子邮件,亲自,或通过电话. 《大陆博彩平台》并不要求你的请求必须是书面的, nor do you need to specifically state that you are requesting records under FOIA. 
    • 从实际的角度来看, it may be helpful to both you and the person receiving your request to put your request in writing. 这允许您创建请求的记录. It also gives us a clear statement of what records you are requesting, 这样就不会对口头请求产生误解. However, we cannot refuse to respond to your FOIA request if you elect to not put it in writing.
  • Your request must identify the records you are seeking with “reasonable specificity.“这是一个常识性的标准. It does not refer to or limit the volume or number of records that you are requesting; instead, it requires that you be specific enough so that we can identify and locate the records that you are seeking.
  • 您的请求必须要求提供现有的记录或文件. 《大陆博彩平台》赋予你查阅或复制的权利 records; it does not apply to a situation where you are asking general questions about the work of WCC, nor does it require WCC to create a record that does not exist.
  • You may choose to receive electronic records in any format used by 博彩平台网址大全 在正常的业务过程中. 
    • For example, 如果您要求保存在Excel数据库中的记录, 您可以选择以电子方式接收这些记录, 通过电子邮件或电脑磁盘, 或者收到这些记录的打印副本
  • 如果我们对您的要求有疑问, please cooperate with staff’s efforts to clarify the type of records that you are seeking, or to attempt to reach a reasonable agreement about a response to a large request. 根据《大陆博彩平台》提出要求并不是一个对抗的过程, but we may need to discuss your request with you to ensure that we understand what records you are seeking.

向博彩平台网址大全索取记录, 你可以直接向玛琳达·普尔·埃弗索尔提出要求.  Malinda Poole Eversole位于1000 E Main St., Wytheville, VA 24382; 276-223-4869. 通过电子邮件发送FOIA请求至:meversole@wcc.hostalker.com.  You may also contact Malinda Poole Eversole with questions you have concerning requesting records from 博彩平台网址大全.  

In addition, the Freedom of Information Advisory Council is available to answer any questions you may have about how FOIA works. The Council was created in the legislative branch of state government to issue opinions on the operation and application of FOIA, 出版教育资料, 并提供有关《大陆博彩平台》的培训.  However, please be aware that the Council is not a records repository and does not process records requests on behalf of other public bodies, 该委员会也不是一个调查或执法机构.  可通过电子邮件foiacouncil@dls与理事会联系.virginia.gov, or by phone at (804) 698-1810 or toll-free at 1 (866) 448-4100. 

博彩平台网址大全 Responsibilities in Responding to Your Request

  • 博彩平台网址大全 must respond to your request within five working days of receiving it.  “Day One” is considered the day after your request is received.  五天的假期不包括周末或节假日.  The five-day period does not include weekends, holidays, or other days when 博彩平台网址大全 is closed for business.
  • 你要求公开记录的原因是 博彩平台网址大全 is irrelevant, and you do not have to state why you want the records before we respond to your request.  然而,《大陆博彩平台》允许 博彩平台网址大全 要求您提供您的姓名和法定地址. FOIA also allows 博彩平台网址大全 to deny your request for public records if you are not a citizen of Virginia or a representative of media with circulation in Virginia.
  • FOIA requires that 博彩平台网址大全 make one of the following responses to your request within the five-day time period:
  1. We provide you with the records that you have requested in their entirety.
  2. 我们保留了你所要求的所有记录, because all of the records are subject to a specific statutory exemption. If all of the records are being withheld, we must send you a response in writing.  That writing must identify the volume and subject matter of the records being withheld and state the specific section 弗吉尼亚法典 that allows us to withhold the records.
  3. We provide some of the records that you have requested but withhold other records. We cannot withhold an entire record if only a portion of it is subject to an exemption.  In that instance, we may redact the portion of the record that may be withheld and must provide you with the remainder of the record.  Again, 我们必须以书面形式确认, the volume and subject matter of the withheld portions and state the specific section 弗吉尼亚法典 that allows portions of the requested records to be withheld.
  4. We inform you in writing that the requested records cannot be found or do not exist (we do not have the records you want). However, 如果我们知道另一个公共机构有被请求的记录, we must include contact information for the other public body in our response to you.
  5. 如果实际上是不可能的 博彩平台网址大全 在五天内回复您的要求, 我们必须以书面形式说明这一点, 解释导致反应不可能发生的条件. This will allow us seven additional working days to respond to your request, giving us a total of 12 working days to respond to your request. In the case of criminal investigative files requested pursuant to § 2.2-3706.弗吉尼亚法典第1条, we are allowed an additional 60 working days to respond to your request, giving us a total of 65 working days to respond to your request.
  • 如果你需要大量的记录, and we feel that we cannot provide the records to you within 12 working days without disrupting our other organizational responsibilities, we may petition the court for additional time to respond to your request.  However, FOIA requires that we make a reasonable effort to reach an agreement with you concerning the production or the records before we go to court to ask for more time.

Costs

  • A public body may make reasonable charges not to exceed its actual cost incurred in accessing, duplicating, supplying, or searching for the requested records and shall make all reasonable efforts to supply the requested records at the lowest possible cost. 任何公共机构不得强加任何额外的, intermediary, or surplus fees or expenses to recoup the general costs associated with creating or maintaining records or transacting the general business of the public body. Any duplicating fee charged by a public body shall not exceed the actual cost of duplication. 在进行记录搜索之前, the public body shall notify the requester in writing that the public body may make reasonable charges not to exceed its actual cost incurred in accessing, duplicating, supplying, or searching for requested records and inquire of the requester whether he would like to request a cost estimate in advance of the supplying of the requested records as set forth in subsection F of § 2.2-3704 弗吉尼亚法典.
  • 您可能需要为您要求的记录付费 Wytheville CommunityCollege.  FOIA allows us to charge for the actual costs of responding to FOIA requests.  这将包括员工花在搜索上的时间, reviewing, copying, scanning, 并修改要求的记录, copying costs, or any other costs directly related to supplying the requested records.  它不包括一般管理费用.
  • If we estimate that it will cost more than $200 to respond to your request, 我们可能要求你付定金, 不超过预估的金额, 在继续你的请求之前.  The five days that we have to respond to your request does not include the time between when we ask for a deposit and when you respond.
  • You may request that we estimate in advance the charges for supplying the records that you have requested.  This will allow you to know about any costs upfront or give you the opportunity to modify your request in an attempt to lower the estimated costs. The five days that we have to respond to your request does not include the time between when we send you the estimate and when you respond.  If you do not respond within 30 days, then your request will be deemed to be withdrawn.
  • If you owe us money from a previous FOIA request that has remained unpaid for more than 30 days, 博彩平台网址大全 may require payment of the past-due bill before it will respond to your new FOIA request.

Policy Regarding Fees

It is 博彩平台网址大全 policy to charge for the actual costs of responding to FOIA requests.  我们按员工搜索的时间收费, reviewing, copying, scanning, 并修改要求的记录, copying costs, or any other costs directly related to supplying the requested records. 

博彩平台网址大全 does not charge a fee to provide scholastic records that must be made available for inspection pursuant to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) if the request for scholastic records is made by a parent or legal guardian of a minor student or by a student 18 years old or older, 或回复《大陆博彩平台》要求的第一个小时.

Copying costs shall be assessed on public records that are printed, 但不包括电子提供的公共记录. 

公众档案的收费如下:

o纸质原件的纸质副本(B&W)                         $.25/page

o          Larger than legal size paper copies                                  $1.00/page

o视频、CD、DVD等.                                                    Cost of reproduction

o          Staff time at full-time hourly rate (average)                     $25.00/hour         

博彩平台网址大全 also may charge for the actual cost of the medium by which the information is provided (e.g.光盘、DVD、闪存等.),如果该媒介是由请求者所要求的, and for the actual cost of mailing the requested records if the cost is above the cost of the standard-sized flat rate envelope. 

博彩平台网址大全 will apply any costs we incur in estimating the costs of providing the requested records toward the overall costs to be paid by the requester.

Types of records

The following is a general description of the types of records held by 博彩平台网址大全

应付帐款和应收帐款

Accreditation

入学及注册

运动员,包括要求的NJCAA记录

大学报告和会议记录

Capital Project

Contracts

紧急行动计划

Financial

Fundraising

Inventory

Parking/Transportation

Personnel

Procurement

Risk Management

Scholastic

Workers’ Compensation

如果你不确定是否 博彩平台网址大全 has the record(s) you seek, please contact the FOIA Officer directly.

常用豁免

The Code of Virginia allows any public body to withhold certain records from public disclosure.  博彩平台网址大全 commonly withholds records subject to the following exemptions:

  • Personnel records (§ 2.2-3705.弗吉尼亚法典第1(1)条)
  • 受律师-当事人保密特权约束的记录(第2条).2-3705.1(2))或律师工作产品(§2).2-3705.1 (3))
  • 供应商专有信息(§2).2-3705.1 (6))
  • Records relating to the negotiation and award of a contract, prior to a contract being awarded (§ 2.2-3705.1 (12))
  • Scholastic records (Va. Code § 2.2-3705.4(1))

关于使用豁免的政策 

博彩平台网址大全 will invoke the personnel and scholastic records exemptions to protect the privacy of its employees and students. 博彩平台网址大全 will invoke the contract negotiations exemption whenever it applies to protect 博彩平台网址大全 bargaining position and negotiating strategy.

 

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